Bullying victimization due to racial, ethnic, citizenship and/or religious status: a systematic review

Sapouna, M., De Amicis, L. and Vezzali, L. (2022) Bullying victimization due to racial, ethnic, citizenship and/or religious status: a systematic review. Adolescent Research Review, (doi: 10.1007/s40894-022-00197-2) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

A resurgent climate of nationalism, racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, and Islamophobia in many parts of the world has drawn attention to the risk of bullying victimization among racial, ethnic and/or religious minority youth. However, no attempt has yet been made to synthesize the literature on this topic to derive better understanding and guide future prevention and intervention efforts. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on individual, school, family, and community -level factors and outcomes associated with racist bullying victimization. Systematic searches of EBSCOhost, Scopus, ASSIA and Web of Science databases identified 73 articles that included quantitative and qualitative analyses on this topic. Overall, this review found that negative stereotypes and discrimination operating in school and community contexts put racial/ethnic minority, immigrant, and refugee youth at an increased risk of racist bullying victimization. The review also found that racist bullying victimization is associated with a wide range of negative outcomes including poor mental health, lower academic engagement, and an increased risk of involvement in delinquent behaviours, especially among older pupils. The review identified several gaps in the research, including the lack of adequate theorization and the infrequent consideration of potential mediators and moderators. Finally, the review outlined future directions, such as the need to study how intergroup processes influence racist bullying victimization.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was partially funded by the Erasmus + Grant Number 2017–1-UK01-KA201-036611.
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:De Amicis, Dr Leyla
Authors: Sapouna, M., De Amicis, L., and Vezzali, L.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Education > Creativity Culture and Faith
Journal Name:Adolescent Research Review
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2363-8346
ISSN (Online):2363-8354
Published Online:23 November 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © The Author(s) 2022
First Published:First published in Adolescent Research Review 2022
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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