Geometry optimization and pressure analysis of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack

Chen, W.-H., Tsai, Z.-L., Chang, M.-H., You, S. and Kuo, P.-C. (2021) Geometry optimization and pressure analysis of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(31), pp. 16717-16733. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.01.222)

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233451.pdf - Accepted Version



For proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), the distribution of reactant streams in the reactor is critical to their efficiency. This study aims to investigate the optimal design of the inlet/outlet flow channel in the fuel cell stack with different geometric dimensions of the tube and intermediate zones (IZ). The tube-to-IZ length ratio, the IZ width, and the tube diameter are adjusted to optimize the geometric dimensions for the highest pressure uniformity. Four different methods, including the Taguchi method, analysis of variance (ANOVA), neural network (NN), and multiple adaptive regression splines (MARS), are used in the analyses. The results indicate the tube diameter is the most impactive one among the three factors to improve the pressure uniformity. The analysis suggests that the optimal geometric design is the tube-to-IZ length ratio of 9, the IZ width of 14 mm, and the tube diameter of 9 mm with the pressure uniformity of 0.529. The relative errors of the predicted pressure uniformity values by NN and MARS under the optimal design are 1.62% and 3.89%, respectively. This reveals that NN and MARS can accurately predict the pressure uniformity, and are promising tools for the design of PEMFCs.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:You, Dr Siming
Authors: Chen, W.-H., Tsai, Z.-L., Chang, M.-H., You, S., and Kuo, P.-C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
ISSN (Online):1879-3487
Published Online:27 February 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC
First Published:First published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 46(31):16717-16733
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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