Constitutive modeling of anisotropic sand behavior in monotonic and cyclic loading

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2015) Constitutive modeling of anisotropic sand behavior in monotonic and cyclic loading. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 141(8), 04015017. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000907)

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An anisotropic plasticity model is proposed to describe the fabric effect on sand behavior under both monotonic and cyclic loading conditions within the framework of anisotropic critical state theory. The model employs a cone-shaped bounding surface in the deviatoric stress space and a yield cap perpendicular to the mean stress axis to describe sand behavior in constant-mean-stress shear and constant-stress-ratio compression, respectively. The model considers a fabric tensor characterizing the internal structure of sand associated with the void space system and its evolution with plastic deformation. The fabric evolution law is assumed to render the fabric tensor to become co-directional with the loading direction tensor and to reach a constant magnitude of unit at the critical state. In constant-stress-ratio compression, the final degree of anisotropy is proportional to a normalized stress ratio. An anisotropic variable defined by a joint invariant of the fabric tensor and loading direction tensor is employed to describe the fabric effect on sand behavior in constant-mean-stress monotonic and cyclic shear. A systematic calibrating procedure of the model parameters is presented. Satisfactory comparison is found between the model simulations and test results on Toyoura sand in both monotonic and cyclic loadings with a single set of parameters. The important role of fabric and fabric evolution in capturing the sand behavior is highlighted. Limitations and potential improvement of the model in describing cyclic mobility of very dense sand and sand behavior in non-proportional loading have been discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:A correction to this article is available at
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gao, Dr Zhiwei
Authors: Gao, Z., and Zhao, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Journal of Engineering Mechanics
Publisher:American Society of Civil Engineers
ISSN (Online):1943-7889
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 ASCE
First Published:First published in Journal of Engineering Mechanics 141(8):04015017
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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