Residential mobility and the association between physical environment disadvantage and general and mental health

Tunstall, H., Pearce, J.R., Shortt, N.K. and Mitchell, R.J. (2015) Residential mobility and the association between physical environment disadvantage and general and mental health. Journal of Public Health, 37(4), pp. 563-572. (doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdu058) (PMID:25174040)

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Background: Selective migration may influence the association between physical environments and health. This analysis assessed whether residential mobility concentrates people with poor health in neighbourhoods of the UK with disadvantaged physical environments. Methods: Data were from the British Household Panel Survey. Moves were over 1 year between adjacent survey waves, pooled over 10 pairs of waves, 1996–2006. Health outcomes were self-reported poor general health and mental health problems. Neighbourhood physical environment was defined using the Multiple Environmental Deprivation Index (MEDIx) for wards. Logistic regression analysis compared risk of poor health in MEDIx categories before and after moves. Analyses were stratified by age groups 18–29, 30–44, 45–59 and 60+ years and adjusted for age, sex, marital status, household type, housing tenure, education and social class. Results: The pooled data contained 122 570 observations. 8.5% moved between survey waves but just 3.0% changed their MEDIx category. In all age groups odds ratios for poor general and mental health were not significantly increased in the most environmentally deprived neighbourhoods following moves. Conclusions: Over a 1-year time period residential moves between environments with different levels of multiple physical deprivation were rare and did not significantly raise rates of poor health in the most deprived areas.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mitchell, Professor Rich
Authors: Tunstall, H., Pearce, J.R., Shortt, N.K., and Mitchell, R.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Journal of Public Health
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1741-3850

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
590681PhyBEHI: Physical built environments and health inequalitiesRichard MitchellEuropean Commission (EC)263501PhyBEHIFPIHW - PUBLIC HEALTH