Lithofacies architecture of basaltic andesite lavas and their interaction with wet-sediment: Port a' Chroinn, Kerrera, NW Scotland

Rawcliffe, H. and Brown, D. (2014) Lithofacies architecture of basaltic andesite lavas and their interaction with wet-sediment: Port a' Chroinn, Kerrera, NW Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 50(1), pp. 49-55. (doi:10.1144/sjg2013-018)

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Abstract

Lavas of the Lorne Plateau Volcanic Succession (LPVS) crop out on the island of Kerrera, NW Scotland, and were emplaced during the Devonian Period, synchronous with Old Red Sandstone (ORS) terrestrial sedimentation. These flows are discontinuously exposed for c. 3 km at Port a’ Chroinn, Kerrera, and typically comprise blocky, basal breccias, coherent, crystalline cores, and clinker flow tops, interpreted as basaltic andesite ’a’a lavas. Gradational zones are observed from coherent core, through highly vesicular core, to semi-coherent lava and normally graded clinker. Prismatically jointed, inflated pahoehoe lavas are also present, but have few characteristic morphological features. Localized domains of magma–sediment mingling occur at the bases of several lavas, with clasts of basaltic andesite within a sandstone matrix. These domains are interpreted as peperites, formed as lava flowed over and mingled with unconsolidated, wet sediment that had been deposited on the surfaces of underlying lavas during periods of volcanic quiescence.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Brown, Dr David and Rawcliffe, Miss Heather
Authors: Rawcliffe, H., and Brown, D.
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences > Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Scottish Journal of Geology
Publisher:Geological Society Publishing House
ISSN:0036-9276
ISSN (Online):2041-4951

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