In a 12-allele analysis HLA-DPB1 matching is associated with improved OS in leukaemic and myelodysplastic patients receiving myeloablative T-cell-depleted PBSCT from unrelated donors

Burt, C., Parker, A., McQuaker, G., Copland, M. , Brierley, C., Little, A. and Clark, A. (2014) In a 12-allele analysis HLA-DPB1 matching is associated with improved OS in leukaemic and myelodysplastic patients receiving myeloablative T-cell-depleted PBSCT from unrelated donors. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 49(5), pp. 657-663. (doi:10.1038/bmt.2014.8)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/bmt.2014.8

Abstract

The effect on survival of including HLA-DPB1 in a 12-allele matching strategy was retrospectively evaluated in 130 patients with acute leukaemia and myelodysplasia undergoing T-cell-depleted PBSC transplantation using unrelated donors. Patients received alemtuzumab in vivo T-cell depletion as part of a myeloablative (MA; n=61) or reduced-intensity conditioning regimen (n=69). No difference in OS was seen with single-locus mismatching (mm) when 10 conventional alleles (HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1) were considered. However, the addition of HLA-DPB1 matching data proved highly discriminatory. Mismatches were identified in 87% of patients previously considered fully matched (1DPmm=49pts: 2DPmm=28pts), and in the 9/10 group 22 patients were reclassified as double and 16 as triple mismatches. In 10/10 transplants, there was a distinct trend to poorer OS with double DPB1 mm. If all 12 loci were considered, 98% of single mm were at HLA-DPB1. Furthermore, cumulative mm at two or more loci was associated with significantly poorer 3-year OS (34% vs 48%, P=0.013: hazard ratio 1.8 (95% confidence interval 1.14–3.06; P=0.017), although his detrimental effect was only apparent using MA conditioning, in which reduced OS was associated with increased chronic GVHD (61% vs 16%, P=0.018) and nonrelapse mortality (30% vs 9%, P=0.039).

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Little, Dr Ann-Margaret and McQuaker, Dr Grant and Copland, Professor Mhairi
Authors: Burt, C., Parker, A., McQuaker, G., Copland, M., Brierley, C., Little, A., and Clark, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Bone Marrow Transplantation
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0268-3369
ISSN (Online):1476-5365

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