Aerobic scope predicts dominance during early life in a tropical damselfish

Killen, S. S. , Mitchell, M. D., Rummer, J. L., Chivers, D. P., Ferrari, M. C.O., Meekan, M. G. and McCormick, M. I. (2014) Aerobic scope predicts dominance during early life in a tropical damselfish. Functional Ecology, 28(6), pp. 1367-1376. (doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12296)

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A range of physiological traits are linked with aggression and dominance within social hierarchies, but the role of individual aerobic capacity in facilitating aggression has seldom been studied. Further, links previously observed between an individual's metabolic rate and aggression level may be context dependent and modulated by factors such as social stress and competitor familiarity.<p></p> We examined these issues in juvenile Ambon damselfish, Pomacentrus amboinensis, which display intraspecific competition for territories during settlement on coral reefs.<p></p> Individuals were measured for routine metabolic rate, aerobic scope, and anaerobic capacity using intermittent-flow respirometry before dyadic dominance contests. Post-contest, fish were measured for metabolic rate in isolation and while interacting with their previous competitor or a stranger in adjacent transparent respirometers.<p></p> In arena contests, aerobic scope was correlated with aggression and dominance, while routine metabolic rate and anaerobic capacity were not related to dominance. Post-contest, subordinates showed a rise in metabolic rate and decrease in available aerobic scope, presumably due to social stress. Dominants increased metabolic rate in the presence of a previous competitor, possibly due to the stresses of hierarchy maintenance.<p></p> Metabolic rate during aggressive interactions did not approach that measured during exhaustive exercise, suggesting individuals do not fully utilise their aerobic scope during aggression. A greater aerobic scope may, however, allow faster post-contest recovery.<p></p> These results demonstrate a link between aerobic scope and dominance during intraspecific competition for territory. Selection on aerobic scope could therefore follow, either indirectly through correlations with other traits influencing resource-holding potential, or directly if aerobic scope carries benefits important for territory acquisition or holding, such as an enhanced capacity to cope with socially-induced stress.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Killen, Professor Shaun
Authors: Killen, S. S., Mitchell, M. D., Rummer, J. L., Chivers, D. P., Ferrari, M. C.O., Meekan, M. G., and McCormick, M. I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Functional Ecology
ISSN (Online):1365-2435
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in Functional Ecology 28(6):1367-1376
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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