Electrolytes: acid–base balance

Mark, P. , Stevens, K. and Jardine, A. (2013) Electrolytes: acid–base balance. In: Caballero, B., Allen, L. and Prentice, A. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition. Academic Press: Waltham, MA, pp. 139-145. ISBN 9780123750839

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Publisher's URL: https://www.elsevier.com/books/encyclopedia-of-human-nutrition/allen/978-0-12-375083-9


Maintenance of acid-base balance is fundamental for the normal function of biological processes, mainly due the pH dependence of enzyme function. This chapter reviews definitions of acid-base balance and describes normal physiology of acid-base metabolism in the extra-cellular fluid and blood. The individual roles of the kidney, liver, bone and lungs in maintenance of acid base balance are outlined in detail in both health and disease. The pathogeneses of common conditions (diabetes, renal failure, drug intoxication) affecting acid base balance are assessed as well as potential treatment strategies. The impact of dietary intake on acid base status is also examined.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stevens, Dr Kathryn and Mark, Professor Patrick and Jardine, Professor Alan
Authors: Mark, P., Stevens, K., and Jardine, A.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Publisher:Academic Press

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