Do health behaviours change after colonoscopy? A prospective cohort study on diet, alcohol, physical activity and smoking among patients and their partners

Hubbard, G. et al. (2014) Do health behaviours change after colonoscopy? A prospective cohort study on diet, alcohol, physical activity and smoking among patients and their partners. BMJ Open, 4(1), e003706-e003706. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003706)

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Objectives To describe diet, alcohol, physical activity and tobacco use prospectively, that is, before and 10 months after colonoscopy for patients and their partners.<p></p> Design Prospective cohort study of health behaviour change in patients and partners. Comparison groups are patients receiving a normal result notification (NRN) versus patients receiving an abnormal result notification (ARN). Patients and partners (controls) are also compared.<p></p> Setting 5 Scottish hospitals.<p></p> Participants Of 5798 colonoscopy registrations, 2577 (44%) patients met the eligibility criteria of whom 565 (22%) were recruited; 460 partners were also recruited.<p></p> Measures International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Scottish Collaborative Group Food Frequency Questionnaire (includes alcohol), smoking status, sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index, medical conditions, colonoscopy result, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, behaviour-specific self-efficacy scales.<p></p> Results 57% of patients were men, with a mean age of 60.8 years (SE 0.5) and 43% were from more affluent areas. 72% (n=387) of patients received an ARN and 28% (n=149) received an NRN. Response rate of the second questionnaire was 68.9%. Overall, 27% of patients consumed <5 measures of fruit and vegetables/day, 20% exceeded alcohol limits, 50% had low levels of physical activity and 21% were obese. At 10-month follow-up, a 5% reduction in excessive alcohol consumption and an 8% increase in low levels of physical activity were observed among patients; no significant changes occurred in partners. Baseline high alcohol consumption and low physical activity were the strongest predictors of these behaviours at follow-up. Low alcohol self-efficacy and increasing age were associated with poorer health-related behaviours at follow-up for alcohol consumption and physical activity, respectively.<p></p> Conclusions Colonoscopy is associated with marginal beneficial changes in some behaviours but not others. Further work is needed to explore how services can optimise increases in beneficial behaviours and mitigate increases in harmful ones.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morrison, Dr David and O'Carroll, Prof Ronan
Authors: Hubbard, G., Brown, A., Campbell, A., Campbell, N., Diament, B., Fielding, S., Forbat, L., Masson, L. F., O'Carroll, R. E., Stein, K., and Morrison, D.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:BMJ Open
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):2044-6055
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMJ Open 4(1):e003706
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
506321Cancer as a catalyst for change? Predictors of changes in diet, alcohol, physical activity and tobacco use after colorectal cancer diagnosis among patients and their partnersDavid MorrisonScottish Executive Health Department (SEHHD-CSO)CZH/4/567IHW - PUBLIC HEALTH