Interleukin-6- and cyclic amp-mediated signaling potentiates neuroendocrine differentiation of lncap prostate tumor cells

Deeble, P.D., Murphy, D.J. , Parsons, S.J. and Cox, M.E. (2001) Interleukin-6- and cyclic amp-mediated signaling potentiates neuroendocrine differentiation of lncap prostate tumor cells. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 21(24), pp. 8471-8482. (doi: 10.1128/MCB.21.24.8471-8482.2001)

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Neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation in prostatic adenocarcinomas has been reported to be an early marker for development of androgen independence. Secretion of mitogenic peptides from nondividing NE cells is thought to contribute to a more aggressive disease by promoting the proliferation of surrounding tumor cells. We undertook studies to determine whether the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP could be induced to acquire NE characteristics by treatment with agents that are found in the complex environment in which progression of prostate cancer towards androgen independence occurs. We found that cotreatment of LNCaP cells with agents that signal through cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), such as epinephrine and forskolin, and with the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) promoted the acquisition of an NE morphological phenotype above that seen with single agents. Convergent IL-6 and PKA signaling also resulted in potentiated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation without affecting the level of signal transducer and activator of transcription or PKA activation observed with these agents alone. Cotreatment with epinephrine and IL-6 synergistically increased c-fos transcription as well as transcription from the β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit promoter. Potentiated transcription from these elements was shown to be dependent on the MAPK pathway. Most importantly, cotreatment with PKA activators and IL-6 resulted in increased secretion of mitogenic neuropeptides. These results indicate that PKA and IL-6 signaling participates in gene transcriptional changes that reflect acquisition of an NE phenotype by LNCaP cells and suggest that similar signaling mechanisms, particularly at sites of metastasis, may be responsible for the increased NE content of many advanced prostate carcinomas.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Murphy, Professor Daniel
Authors: Deeble, P.D., Murphy, D.J., Parsons, S.J., and Cox, M.E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Molecular and Cellular Biology
ISSN (Online):1098-5549

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