Achieving territorial justice in neighbourhood environmental services: a UK case study

Bailey, N. , Hastings, A. , Bramley, G. and Watkins, D. (2008) Achieving territorial justice in neighbourhood environmental services: a UK case study. In: UAA 38th Annual Meeting. 1968 Revisited: Cities 40 Years Later, Baltimore, MD, 23-26 Apr 2008,

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Street cleaning is one of the most basic municipal services often of prime concern to residents when asked  about their neighbourhood. It is commonly observed that the state of the local environment, including the  incidence of litter, rubbish and graffiti, is worse in more deprived urban neighbourhoods. This reinforces  disadvantage for residents of these areas (an example of an area effect) and impacts on the attractiveness of  these neighbourhoods, reinforcing spatial segregation. Previous research with those working in environmental  services identified a range of factors that may explain why outcomes are worse in more deprived areas. These  factors included the behaviour of local residents but also aspects of the physical and social environment that  make the challenge for service providers greater in certain areas (Hastings, 2007). In relation to public services  more generally, it has been argued that a variety of processes act to divert resources to areas with lower levels  of social need leading to territorial injustice. The situation with regard to environmental services, however, has  not been examined previously. This paper reports on the results of a detailed case‐study of one UK local  authority. In the first analysis of its kind, it draws on a wide range of data including national area statistics, local  administrative records and fieldwork. Results confirm that  deprived areas have lower standards of cleanliness  and shows that these are associated with lower levels of service expenditure in these areas. The analysis also  identifies the physical and social aspects of neighbourhood context that impact on cleanliness outcomes and  shows how the context is less favourable in many deprived neighbourhoods. Finally, the analysis provides an  assessment of the cost of bringing all areas up to the same standard, thus identifying the scale of the challenge  for territorial justice

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hastings, Professor Annette and Bailey, Professor Nick and Bramley, Prof Glen and Watkins, Mr David
Authors: Bailey, N., Hastings, A., Bramley, G., and Watkins, D.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies

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