Evidence for dysregulated high-frequency oscillations during sensory processing in medication-naïve, first episode schizophrenia

Sun, L., Castellanos, N., Grützner, C., Koethe, D., Rivolta, D., Wibral, M., Kranaster, L., Singer, W., Leweke, M.F. and Uhlhaas, P.J. (2013) Evidence for dysregulated high-frequency oscillations during sensory processing in medication-naïve, first episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 150(2-3), pp. 519-525. (doi:10.1016/j.schres.2013.08.023)

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Abstract

Introduction: High-frequency oscillations are important for sensory processing and dysfunctions in the amplitude and synchrony of beta- and gamma-band oscillations have been demonstrated in schizophrenia (ScZ). However, the presence of aberrant high-frequency oscillations in first-episode (FE), medication-naive patients during sensory processing is unclear.<p></p> Methods: Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data were recorded from 15 never-medicated, FE-ScZ patients and 20 matched healthy controls during the perception of Mooney faces. MEG data were analysed for spectral power and single-sensor phase-locking in the beta (13–25 Hz) and gamma- (25–140 Hz) frequency range.<p></p> Results: FE-ScZ patients were characterized by significantly impaired sensory processing as indicated by a reduced discrimination index (A′). Impaired behavioural performance in ScZ-patients was accompanied by decreased spectral power in the high- (60–120 Hz) gamma-band range. In contrast, oscillations in the lower (25–60 Hz) gamma-band were largely intact and beta-band oscillations were increased. Analysis of cross-frequency coupling showed a reduced correlation between 60 and 120 Hz amplitude values and beta-band power in FE-ScZ-patients relative to controls.<p></p> Discussion: Our findings show that impaired sensory processing in medication-naive, FE-schizophrenia is related to a dysregulation of neural oscillations which involves both an impairment in the generation of high gamma-band activity as well as a failure to downregulate task-irrelevant beta-band activity. Because of the interrelationship of these dysfunctions and the role of inhibitory networks in the shaping of high-frequency activity, aberrant neural oscillations in FE-schizophrenia may be linked to dysfunctions in the excitation–inhibition (E/I)-balance.<p></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Uhlhaas, Professor Peter
Authors: Sun, L., Castellanos, N., Grützner, C., Koethe, D., Rivolta, D., Wibral, M., Kranaster, L., Singer, W., Leweke, M.F., and Uhlhaas, P.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Schizophrenia Research
ISSN:0920-9964
ISSN (Online):1573-2509

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