In situ localization of cell synthesis and proliferation in periodontitis gingiva and tonsillar tissue

Takahashi, K., Lappin, D. and Kinane, D.F. (1996) In situ localization of cell synthesis and proliferation in periodontitis gingiva and tonsillar tissue. Oral Diseases, 2(3), pp. 210-216. (doi:10.1111/j.1601-0825.1996.tb00226.x)

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OBJECTIVE: Previous work indicates that large numbers of B and T cells accumulate in the periodontal soft tissues although we know little about cellular synthetic activity and proliferation at this site. The aim of this study was to examine lymphocytic cell synthetic activity and proliferation in periodontitis gingiva and compare this to a known site of leucocyte proliferation, namely the oro-pharyngeal tonsils.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Messenger RNA (mRNA) and 285 ribosomal RNA (285 rRNA) expressing cells in formalin-fixed/paraffin-embedded gingival and tonsillar tissue sections were detected by in situ hybridisation (ISH) using poly-deoxyribothymidine and 28S probes respectively. In addition S-phase proliferating and cycling cells were also detected by ISH with histone probes and by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry. Ten gingival biopsy samples were obtained from adult periodontitis patients and five tonsillar biopsies from tonsillectomy patients. RESULTS: Both mRNA and 28S rRNA-expressing cells were detected in all the samples tested. Plasma cells showed the strongest signal for the two probes and slight to moderate staining could be seen in epithelium, fibroblasts and endothelial cells. In contrast, gingival lymphocytes were either weakly stained or were unstained for these probes of synthetic activity. In tonsils, most lymphocytes in germinal centres showed moderate staining and mantol zone cells were much more weakly stained. In gingival samples, histone mRNA-expressing and cycling (Ki-67) cells were detected in 4/10, 10/10 cases respectively. These positive cells were mainly basal and suprabasal epithelial cells and a few mononuclear cells, whereas most germinal centre lymphocytes (B cells) were positive for this probe. The number of Ki67 positive cells was greater than histone mRNA bearing cells both in gingiva and tonsillar tissue. In contrast, mantol zone cells (mainly T cells) were sparsely stained by probes of cell proliferation.

CONCLUSION: These results indicate that local proliferation of B cells does not occur in periodontitis gingiva in contrast with tonsillar tissue, although plasma cells showed strong synthetic activity in both tissues. T cells did not appear to proliferate greatly nor undergo active synthesis in either of these tissues. These findings substantiate previous hypotheses that specific leucocytes predominate in the gingival tissue through selective homing rather than by local proliferation.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lappin, Dr David
Authors: Takahashi, K., Lappin, D., and Kinane, D.F.
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Oral Diseases
ISSN (Online):1601-0825

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