Pre-aspiration and post-aspiration in Scottish Gaelic stop consonants

Nance, C. and Stuart-Smith, J. (2013) Pre-aspiration and post-aspiration in Scottish Gaelic stop consonants. Journal of International Phonetic Association, 43(2), pp. 1-24. (doi: 10.1017/S0025100313000042)

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This paper aims to describe pre-aspirated and post-aspirated stops in an endangered language, Scottish Gaelic. Our small-scale study investigates several acoustic parameters of Scottish Gaelic stop consonants designed to measure the duration and noisiness of aspiration of the stop in its immediate phonetic context. Our study expands on previous phonetic descriptions of phonemic (pre-)aspiration in three ways: firstly, we provide a more complete durational description of Scottish Gaelic than previous work in the literature; secondly, we apply a new measure, band-pass filtered zero crossing rate (Gordeeva and Scobbie 2010), in order to examine the noisiness of aspiration in addition to durational characteristics. The results from this measure are presented in tandem with durational results in order to assess its usefulness for future research. Thirdly, we consider the possibility of change in the Scottish Gaelic stop system by examining data from older and younger speakers. Results suggest that band-pass filtered zero crossing rate is a useful tool and should be considered in future research on aspiration. Also, durational and zero crossing results indicate that younger speakers have shorter and less noisy pre-aspiration than older speakers. We discuss these results as a possible sound change in progress.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nance, Ms Claire and Stuart-Smith, Professor Jane
Authors: Nance, C., and Stuart-Smith, J.
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
College/School:College of Arts & Humanities > School of Critical Studies > English Language and Linguistics
Journal Name:Journal of International Phonetic Association
Journal Abbr.:JIPA
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN (Online):1475-3502
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 International Phonetic Association
First Published:First published in Journal of International Phonetic Association 43(2):1-24
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
Transmission of Gaelic in the modern world - Kelvin-Smith PhD studentshipUNSPECIFIED