Magnetic multilayers: spin configurations, excitations and giant magnetoresistance

Camley, R.E. and Stamps, R.L. (1999) Magnetic multilayers: spin configurations, excitations and giant magnetoresistance. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 5(23), pp. 3727-3786. (doi:10.1088/0953-8984/5/23/003)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/5/23/003

Abstract

The authors discuss some of the fundamental properties unique to magnetic multilayers. Complex spin configurations are examined for many different systems and are shown to arise from a simple competition between exchange and Zeeman energies. The spin configurations found in multilayer systems determine macroscopic properties such as the static susceptibility and magnetization, and can lead to anomalous field and temperature behaviour. The authors also discuss the dynamic behavior of magnetic multilayers. Emphasis is placed on spin waves in magnetic multilayers with canted spin configurations and the softening of modes at magnetic phase transitions. Furthermore they show that spin wave excitations provide a powerful method for studying exchange interactions and spin configurations. Finally, the phenomenon of giant magnetoresistance in magnetic multilayers where the resistivity of the metallic structure can be changed by over 60% at room temperature, is discussed. Simple theoretical approaches are used to understand and predict the properties of the multilayer systems and comparisons between theory and experiment are stressed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:UNSPECIFIED
Authors: Camley, R.E., and Stamps, R.L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
ISSN:0953-8984
ISSN (Online):1361-648X

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