Two simple questions to assess outcome after stroke: a European study

McKevitt, C., Dundas, R. and Wolfe, C. (2001) Two simple questions to assess outcome after stroke: a European study. Stroke, 32(3), pp. 681-686.

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.


Background and Purpose—The “2 simple questions” were designed as an efficient way of measuring outcome after stroke. We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of this tool, adapted for use in 8 European centers, and used it to compare outcomes across centers. Methods—Data were taken from the Biomed II prospective study of stroke care and outcomes. Three-month poststroke data from 8 European centers were analyzed. Sensitivity and specificity were assessed by comparing responses to the 2 simple questions with Barthel Index and modified Rankin scale scores. Adjusting for case mix, logistic regression was used to compare patients in each center with “good” outcome (not dependent and fully recovered) at 3 months. Results—Data for 793 patients were analyzed. For the total sample, the dependency question had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 77%; the recovery question had a sensitivity of 78% and a specificity of 90%. Dependency data from Riga had much lower sensitivity. There was variation in good outcome between centers (P=0.0015). Compared with the reference center (Kaunas), patients in Dijon, Florence, and Menorca were more likely to have good outcome, after adjusting for case mix. Conclusions—Dependency and recovery questions showed generally high sensitivity and specificity. There were significant differences across centers in outcome, but reasons for these are unclear. Such differences raise particular questions about how patients interpreted and answered the simple questions and the extent to which expectations of recovery and perceived needs for assistance vary cross-culturally.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Dundas, Professor Ruth
Authors: McKevitt, C., Dundas, R., and Wolfe, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Stroke
ISSN (Online):1524-4628

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record