TEST: a tropic, embodied, and situated theory of cognition

Myachykov, A., Scheepers, C. , Fischer, M. and Kessler, K. (2014) TEST: a tropic, embodied, and situated theory of cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science, 6(3), pp. 442-460. (doi: 10.1111/tops.12024)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tops.12024


TEST is a novel taxonomy of knowledge representations based on three distinct hierarchically organized representational features: Tropism, Embodiment, and Situatedness. Tropic representational features reflect constraints of the physical world on the agent’s ability to form, reactivate, and enrich embodied (i.e., resulting from the agent’s bodily constraints) conceptual representations embedded in situated contexts. The proposed hierarchy entails that representations can, in principle, have tropic features without necessarily having situated and/or embodied features. On the other hand, representations that are situated and/or embodied are likely to be simultaneously tropic. Hence while we propose tropism as the most general term, the hierarchical relationship between embodiment and situatedness is more on a par, such that the dominance of one component over the other relies on the distinction between offline storage vs. online generation as well as on representation-specific properties.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Scheepers, Dr Christoph and Myachykov, Dr Andriy and Kessler, Dr Klaus
Authors: Myachykov, A., Scheepers, C., Fischer, M., and Kessler, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Topics in Cognitive Science
ISSN (Online):1756-8765
Published Online:24 April 2013

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
550321Understanding the two forms of visuo-spatial perspective taking:"I know what you can see" versus "I see the world through your eyes"Klaus KesslerEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/I019545/1INP - CENTRE FOR COGNITIVE NEUROIMAGING