Cytosolic calcium changes induced by angiotensin II in neonatal rat atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes are mediated via angiotensin II subtype 1 receptors

Touyz, R.M. , Sventek, P., Lariviere, R., Thibault, G., Fareh, J., Reudelhuber, T. and Schiffrin, E.L. (1996) Cytosolic calcium changes induced by angiotensin II in neonatal rat atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes are mediated via angiotensin II subtype 1 receptors. Hypertension, 27(5), pp. 1090-1096. (doi:10.1161/01.HYP.27.5.1090)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

We determined the effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) on cytosolic free calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in the absence and presence of the selective angiotensin subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist losartan or the selective AT2 antagonist PD 123319 in cultured neonatal rat atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes. We also assessed Ang II receptor density, affinity, and mRNA expression. [Ca2+]i was measured in single cells microphotometrically and by fluorescent digital imaging with fura 2 methodology. Receptor parameters were assessed by competitive binding studies with 125I-[Sar1,Ile8]Ang II in the presence of increasing concentrations of [Sar1,Ile8]Ang II, losartan, and PD 123319. AT1 receptor (types AT1A and AT1B) mRNA abundance was measured by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. Ang II produced concentration-dependent increases in [Ca2+]i. Basal [Ca2+]i values in atrial and ventricular cells were similar but Ang II (10−9 mol/L)–induced [Ca2+]i changes were significantly greater in atrial compared with ventricular cells. Ang II responses were blocked by losartan (10−7 mol/L) but not PD 123319 (10−7 mol/L). Binding studies demonstrated a single class of high-affinity Ang II binding sites on cardiomyocyte membranes (Kd=0.71±0.11 μmol/L). 125I-[Sar1,Ile8]Ang II was displaced by losartan but not by PD 123319. AT1 receptor mRNA was detected by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction in cells from atria and ventricles. In atrial cardiomyocytes, both AT1A and AT1B receptor genes were expressed, whereas in ventricular cardiomyocytes, only the AT1A receptor gene was expressed. These data demonstrate that neonatal cardiomyocytes possess Ang II receptors of the AT1 receptor subtype that are linked to [Ca2+]i signaling pathways. The different Ang II–induced [Ca2+]i responses between atrial and ventricular cells may be related to differences in the distribution of AT1 receptor subtype subvariants.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., Sventek, P., Lariviere, R., Thibault, G., Fareh, J., Reudelhuber, T., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record