Modulation of Ca2+ transients in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes by angiotensin II and endothelin-1

Touyz, R.M. , Fareh, J., Thibault, G., Tolloczko, B., Larivière, R. and Schiffrin, E.L. (1996) Modulation of Ca2+ transients in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes by angiotensin II and endothelin-1. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 270(3), H857-H868.

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Publisher's URL: http://ajpheart.physiology.org/content/270/3/H857.long

Abstract

Vasoactive peptides may exert inotropic and chronotropic effects in cardiac muscle by modulating intracellular calcium. This study assesses effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) on intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured cardiomyocytes from neonatal and adult rats. [Ca2+]i was measured microphotometrically and by digital imaging using fura 2 methodology. Receptor subtypes through which these agonists induce responses were determined pharmacologically and by radioligand binding studies. ANG II and ET-1 increased neonatal atrial and ventricular cell [Ca2+]i transients in a dose-dependent manner. ANG II (10(-11) to 10(-7) M) failed to elicit [Ca2+]i responses in adult cardiomyocytes, whereas ET-1 increased [Ca2+]i in a dose-dependent manner. The ETA receptor antagonist BQ-123 significantly reduced (P < 0.05) ET-1 induced responses, and the ETB receptor agonist IRL-1620 (10(-7) to 10(-5) M) significantly increased (P < 0.05) [Ca2+]i in neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes. ET-1 binding studies demonstrated 85% displacement by BQ-123 and approximately 15% by the ETB receptor agonist sarafotoxin S6c, suggesting a predominance of ETA receptors. Competition binding studies for ANG II failed to demonstrate significant binding on adult ventricular myocytes, indicating the absence or presence of very few ANG II receptors. These data demonstrate that ANG II and ET-1 have stimulatory [Ca2+]i effects on neonatal cardiomyocytes, whereas in adult cardiomyocytes, ANG II-induced effects are insignificant, and only ET-1-induced responses, which are mediated predominantly via ETA receptors, are preserved. Cardiomyocyte responses to vasoactive peptides may thus vary with cardiac development.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Touyz, R.M., Fareh, J., Thibault, G., Tolloczko, B., Larivière, R., and Schiffrin, E.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
ISSN:0363-6135
ISSN (Online):1522-1539

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