Involvement of the proteasome and caspase activation in hippocampal long-term depression induced by the serine protease subtilisin

Forrest, C.M., Darlington, L.G. and Stone, T.W. (2013) Involvement of the proteasome and caspase activation in hippocampal long-term depression induced by the serine protease subtilisin. Neuroscience, 231, pp. 233-246. (doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.11.029)

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The serine protease subtilisin-A produces a long-term depression (LTD) of synaptic potentials in hippocampal slices which differs mechanistically from classical LTD. Since caspases have been implicated in hippocampal plasticity, this study examined a possible role for these enzymes in subtilisin-induced LTD. Subtilisin produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the size of field excitatory synaptic potentials (fEPSPs), which was not prevented or modified by the caspase inhibitors Z-VAD(OMe)-fmk and Z-DEVD-fmk. Similarly Z-VAD(OMe)-fmk did not modify the selective loss of protein expression produced by subtilisin. Subtilisin reduced the expression of procaspase-3 and caspase-9 but, while caspase-9 was converted to its conventionally activated form (39 kDa), caspase-3 was metabolised along a non-canonical pathway to a 29/30 kDa protein rather than the classical 17/19 kDa fragments. Both Z-VAD(OMe)-fmk and Z-DEVD-fmk were unable to prevent the reduced expression of Postsynaptic Density Protein-95, Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein-1 and Unco-ordinated 5H3 proteins produced by subtilisin, although MG132 did produce partial recovery from subtilisin-induced depression of fEPSPs. When tested on long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by theta stimulation in the stratum radiatum, MG132 inhibited the immediate increase in fEPSP size but generated a higher plateau LTP. Twin LTP stimulation generated a further increase in LTP amplitude in control slices but not in slices exposed to MG132. The results indicate that subtilisin does produce caspase activation but that this does not contribute to its induction of LTD. However, activation of the proteasome does contribute to subtilisin-induced LTD and may also play a modulatory role in electrically induced LTP.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Forrest, Dr Caroline and Stone, Professor Trevor
Authors: Forrest, C.M., Darlington, L.G., and Stone, T.W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Neuroscience
ISSN (Online):1873-7544
Published Online:01 December 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Neuroscience 231:233-246
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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