Fear, J.R. (2008) Cartels. In: Jones, G. and Zeitlin, J. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Business History. Series: Oxford handbooks in business and management. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK, pp. 268-292. ISBN 9780199263684 (doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199263684.003.0012)

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The strategy of most major business firms has to take into consideration cartels. This article discusses how firms can expect to behave inside cartels (firms as unitary actors), and how cartels altered corporate strategy and organizational development (decision making and internal processes). It offers an array of different cartel types that blur the distinction between legitimate cooperation and illegitimate collusion. It is actually difficult to decide when a cartel is a cartel and what cartel success means, let alone if it acts inefficiently or destructively. The article argues that the voluminous scale and scope of cartels before 1939, together with lingering cartelization after 1945 in Europe and Japan, means that any analysis of entrepreneurship, corporate strategy, and organization, as well as national economic development, must incorporate the impact of cartels. It also discusses the impact of cartels on economic and corporate development.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fear, Professor Jeffrey
Authors: Fear, J.R.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Economic and Social History
Publisher:Oxford University Press
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