Proteomic profiling of Plasmodium sporozoite maturation identifies new proteins essential for parasite development and infectivity

Lasonder, E. et al. (2008) Proteomic profiling of Plasmodium sporozoite maturation identifies new proteins essential for parasite development and infectivity. PLoS Pathogens, 4(10), e1000195. (doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000195)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000195

Abstract

<i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> sporozoites that develop and mature inside an <i>Anopheles</i> mosquito initiate a malaria infection in humans. Here we report the first proteomic comparison of different parasite stages from the mosquito-early and late oocysts containing midgut sporozoites, and the mature, infectious salivary gland sporozoites. Despite the morphological similarity between midgut and salivary gland sporozoites, their proteomes are markedly different, in agreement with their increase in hepatocyte infectivity. The different sporozoite proteomes contain a large number of stage specific proteins whose annotation suggest an involvement in sporozoite maturation, motility, infection of the human host and associated metabolic adjustments. Analyses of proteins identified in the <i>P. falciparum</i> sporozoite proteomes by orthologous gene disruption in the rodent malaria parasite, <i>P. berghei</i>, revealed three previously uncharacterized <i>Plasmodium</i> proteins that appear to be essential for sporozoite development at distinct points of maturation in the mosquito. This study sheds light on the development and maturation of the malaria parasite in an <i>Anopheles</i> mosquito and also identifies proteins that may be essential for sporozoite infectivity to humans.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Waters, Professor Andy
Authors: Lasonder, E., Janse, C.J., van Gemert, G.J., Mair, G.R., Vermunt, A.M.W., Douradinha, B.G., van Noort, V., Huynen, M.A., Luty, A.J.F., Kroeze, H., Khan, S.M., Sauerwein, R.W., Waters, A.P., Mann, M., and Stunnenberg, H.G.
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:PLoS Pathogens
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1553-7366
ISSN (Online):1553-7374
Published Online:31 October 2008
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS Pathogens 4(10):e1000195
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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