Young women's transportation and labor market experiences

Thakuriah, P., Tang, L. and Menchu, S. (2009) Young women's transportation and labor market experiences. In: Women's Issues in Transportation, Irvine, CA, USA, 27-30 Oct 2009, pp. 276-287.

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This paper examines the transportation and labor market experiences of women at a stage of life which has been variously called emerging adulthood, young adulthood or even older youth. Although young children and older individuals have been the focus of transportation policy research, research on mobility and transportation issues facing young adults is much more limited. The main research questions addressed by this paper are: (1) How do the transportation and labor market experiences of young women compare to that of young men? (2) What factors are likely to contribute to transportation experiences of young women? We have used the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), which is a panel dataset of a large sample of respondents since 1979 and continuing till the present time. Gender differences are examined in several labor market indicators, including the age at entry into the labor force, the number of jobs, the number of weeks worked per year and average earnings. The transportation indicators analyzed are perceptions of young women regarding difficulties associated with transportation, job search distance and the duration of time that they remain carless, after entering the labor force. A higher proportion of young women perceived difficulties with their travel and transportation conditions, were likely to restrict their job search geographically to a smaller area than young men and finally, acquire a vehicle earlier through their husbands or later, compared to men, if single. More research is needed to better understand gender-based mobility policies that apply to a large cross-section of young women.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thakuriah, Professor Piyushimita
Authors: Thakuriah, P., Tang, L., and Menchu, S.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies

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