Duration of L-dopa and dopamine agonist monotherapy in Parkinson's disease

Nissen, T., Newman, E.J., Grosset, K.A., Daghem, M., Pal, G., Stewart, M., Odin, P., Macphee, G. and Grosset, D.G. (2012) Duration of L-dopa and dopamine agonist monotherapy in Parkinson's disease. Scottish Medical Journal, 57(4), pp. 217-220. (doi:10.1258/smj.2012.012121)

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Abstract

The expected duration of initial antiparkinson monotherapy before the need for supplementation is not clearly defined for routine practice. The aim of this study was to define the length of L-dopa (L-3, 4-dihydrophenylalanine) and dopamine agonist monotherapy. The duration of monotherapy and discontinuation rates were investigated in a natural observational setting by plotting Kaplan–Meier survival curves. Out of 345 patients, 180 (52.2%) received L-dopa and 165 (47.8%) received a dopamine agonist as initial monotherapy. Half of the patients starting L-dopa received supplementary therapy with- in 3.6 years (95% confidence interval, 3.2–4.6), significantly longer than for dopamine agonist monotherapy (half required a second agent at 2.3 years [2.0–2.9]; P = 0.00017). Discontinuation of L-dopa therapy was 1%. Dopamine agonists were stopped (due to side-effects like impulse control disorders [6%], somnolence [4%] and light-headedness [3%]) in 20% over four years. The duration and tolerability of L-dopa and dopamine agonists as initial Parkinson's disease monotherapy are defined in this study; this may form part of the information exchange with patients.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Grosset, Dr Donald and Newman, Dr Edward
Authors: Nissen, T., Newman, E.J., Grosset, K.A., Daghem, M., Pal, G., Stewart, M., Odin, P., Macphee, G., and Grosset, D.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Scottish Medical Journal
Publisher:Royal Society of Medicine Press for Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
ISSN:0036-9330
ISSN (Online):2045-6441
Published Online:21 September 2012

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