Comparing the effectiveness of a multi-component weight loss intervention in adults with and without intellectual disabilities

Spanos, D., Boyle, S., Hankey, C. and Melville, C. (2013) Comparing the effectiveness of a multi-component weight loss intervention in adults with and without intellectual disabilities. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 27(1), pp. 22-29. (doi:10.1111/jhn.12051)

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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is rising, although the evidence base for its treatment in this population group is minimal. Weight management interventions that are accessible to adults with ID will reduce the inequalities that they frequently experience in health services. This short report compared the effectiveness of weight management in those with and without ID who completed nine sessions of a multi-component weight management programme.

Methods: TAKE 5 is a 16-week multi-component weight management intervention for adults with ID and obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg m–2]. This intervention is an adaption of the weight management programme provided by the Glasgow & Clyde Weight Management Service (GCWMS) for adults without ID and obesity (National Health Service based). Fifty-two participants of the TAKE 5 programme were individually matched by baseline characteristics (sex, age and BMI) with two participants without ID of the GCWMS programme. Comparisons in terms of weight and BMI change and rate of weight loss were made for those who attended all nine sessions.

Results: There were no significant differences between the groups in the amount of weight loss (median: −3.6 versus −3.8 kg, respectively, P = 0.4), change in BMI (median: −1.5 versus −1.4 kg m–2, P = 0.9), success of achieving 5% weight loss (41.3% versus 36.8%, P = 0.9) and rate of weight loss across the 16-week intervention.

Conclusions: A multi-component weight loss intervention can be equally effective for adults with and without ID and obesity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hankey, Dr Catherine and Spanos, Mr Dimitrios and Melville, Professor Craig
Authors: Spanos, D., Boyle, S., Hankey, C., and Melville, C.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing
ISSN:0952-3871
ISSN (Online):1365-277X
Published Online:26 March 2013
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 27(1):22-29
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
469991A pilot study of a weight loss intervention for adults with learning disabilities and obesityCraig MelvilleScottish Executive Health Department (SEHHD-CSO)CZG/2/362IHW - MENTAL HEALTH & WELLBEING