'Risky places?': mapping gambling machine density and socio-economic deprivation

Wardle, H. , Keily, R., Astbury, G. and Reith, G. (2014) 'Risky places?': mapping gambling machine density and socio-economic deprivation. Journal of Gambling Studies, 30(1), pp. 201-212. (doi: 10.1007/s10899-012-9349-2)

73285.pdf - Accepted Version



The aims of this project were to map the location and density of gambling machines in Britain; to explore whether geographic areas with higher densities of machines exist and to examine the socio-economic characteristics of these areas relative to others. Using geospatial analysis of premises records, we identified 8861 Machine Zones which were areas with a 400 meter radius around gambling machine venue and 384 High Density Machine Zones (HDMZ) with 1 or more gambling machine per hectare. There was a significant correlation between machine density and socio-economic deprivation. HDMZs had greater levels of income deprivation, more economically inactive people and a younger age profile than other areas; 37 % of those living in HDMZs were economically inactive compared with 33 % of those in non-machine areas. HDMZs were in seaside locations but also New Towns or satellite towns to major urban areas. Area affluence explains some of this pattern; of the New Towns with HDMZs, 78 % were in New Towns with a high proportion of low income areas. We therefore concluded that the distribution of gambling machines in Great Britain, in line with other international jurisdictions, displays a significant association with areas of socio-economic deprivation. The profile of the resident population living in HDMZs mirrors the profile of those most at-risk of experiencing harm from gambling. This spatial pattern has important implications for assessing the relationship between gambling availability and gambling-related harm, and for the future development of policy, harm-prevention and treatment strategies.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wardle, Dr Heather and Reith, Professor Gerda
Authors: Wardle, H., Keily, R., Astbury, G., and Reith, G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Gambling Studies
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN (Online):1573-3602
Published Online:16 December 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 Springer
First Published:First published in Journal of Gambling Studies 30(1):201-212
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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