Unearthing treasure and trouble: mining as an impetus to urbanisation in Tanzania

Bryceson, D., Jonsson, J., Kinabo, C. and Shand, M. (2012) Unearthing treasure and trouble: mining as an impetus to urbanisation in Tanzania. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 30(4), pp. 631-649. (doi: 10.1080/02589001.2012.719376)

71386.pdf - Accepted Version


Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02589001.2012.719376


Despite an abundance of mineral wealth and an ancient history of gold trading, Tanzania is a relative latecomer to the experience of being a mineral-dominated national economy. Both the British colonial state and Nyerere’s post-colonial state avoided encouraging, and only reluctantly provided support to, large and small-scale mining. Farming constituted the livelihood for the vast majority of the population and peasant agricultural exports provided the main source of foreign exchange for the country. Now, however, Tanzania has become one of Africa’s main gold producers and the number one destination for non-oil foreign direct investment after South Africa. This article traces the development of gold mining and urban growth in Tanzania with the aim of identifying if, when and where these two processes interact with one another. We explore the triggers, mechanisms and durability of their fusion and synergies over time.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of Contemporary African Studies on 17 October 2012, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02589001.2012.719376
Keywords:mmining history, gold, mineral depletion, large-scale mining, small-scale mining, urban growth, urban hierarchy, Tanzania
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bryceson, Dr Deborah and Jonsson, Dr Jesper Bosse and Shand, Mr Michael
Authors: Bryceson, D., Jonsson, J., Kinabo, C., and Shand, M.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Journal Abbr.:JCAS
Publisher:Routledge, Taylor & Francis Ltd
ISSN (Online):1469-9397
Published Online:17 October 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 The Institute of Social and Economic Research
First Published:First published in Journal of Contemporary African Studies 30(4):631-649
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
528551Urban Growth and Poverty in Mining AfricaDeborah BrycesonEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/H033521/1SCHOOL OF GEOGRAPHICAL & EARTH SCIENCES