Stability and energy budget of pressure-driven collapsible channel flows

Liu, H.F., Luo, X.Y. and Cai, Z.X. (2012) Stability and energy budget of pressure-driven collapsible channel flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 705, pp. 348-370. (doi: 10.1017/jfm.2011.254)

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Although self-excited oscillations in collapsible channel flows have been extensively studied, our understanding of their origins and mechanisms is still far from complete. In the present paper, we focus on the stability and energy budget of collapsible channel flows using a fluid–beam model with the pressure-driven (inlet pressure specified) condition, and highlight its differences to the flow-driven (i.e. inlet flow specified) system. The numerical finite element scheme used is a spine-based arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian method, which is shown to satisfy the geometric conservation law exactly. We find that the stability structure for the pressure-driven system is not a cascade as in the flow-driven case, and the mode-2 instability is no longer the primary onset of the self-excited oscillations. Instead, mode-1 instability becomes the dominating unstable mode. The mode-2 neutral curve is found to be completely enclosed by the mode-1 neutral curve in the pressure drop and wall stiffness space; hence no purely mode-2 unstable solutions exist in the parameter space investigated. By analysing the energy budgets at the neutrally stable points, we can confirm that in the high-wall-tension region (on the upper branch of the mode-1 neutral curve), the stability mechanism is the same as proposed by Jensen and Heil. Namely, self-excited oscillations can grow by extracting kinetic energy from the mean flow, with exactly two-thirds of the net kinetic energy flux dissipated by the oscillations and the remainder balanced by increased dissipation in the mean flow. However, this mechanism cannot explain the energy budget for solutions along the lower branch of the mode-1 neutral curve where greater wall deformation occurs. Nor can it explain the energy budget for the mode-2 neutral oscillations, where the unsteady pressure drop is strongly influenced by the severely collapsed wall, with stronger Bernoulli effects and flow separations. It is clear that more work is required to understand the physical mechanisms operating in different regions of the parameter space, and for different boundary conditions.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Luo, Professor Xiaoyu and Liu, Mr Haofei
Authors: Liu, H.F., Luo, X.Y., and Cai, Z.X.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Journal Name:Journal of Fluid Mechanics
ISSN (Online):1469-7645
Published Online:07 September 2011
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 Cambridge University Press
First Published:First published in Journal of Fluid Mechanics 705:348-370
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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