Carers' perspectives of a weight loss intervention for adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity: a qualitative study

Spanos, D. et al. (2013) Carers' perspectives of a weight loss intervention for adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity: a qualitative study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 57(1), pp. 90-102. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2011.01530.x)

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Abstract

Background: To date, no studies have explored the role of carers in supporting adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and obesity during a weight loss intervention. The present study explored perceptions of carers supporting adults with ID, as they participated in a 6-month multi-component weight loss intervention (TAKE 5).

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were used to explore the experiences of 24 carers. The transcripts were analysed qualitatively using thematic analysis.

Results: Three themes emerged from the analysis: carers' perceptions of participants' health; barriers and facilitators to weight loss; and carers' perceptions of the weight loss intervention. Data analysis showed similarities between the experiences reported by the carers who supported participants who lost weight and participants who did not. Lack of sufficient support from people from the internal and external environment of individuals with ID and poor communication among carers, were identified as being barriers to change. The need for accessible resources tailored to aid weight loss among adults with ID was also highlighted.

Conclusion: This study identified specific facilitators and barriers experienced by carers during the process of supporting obese adults with ID to lose weight. Future research could utilise these findings to inform appropriate and effective weight management interventions for individuals with ID.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hankey, Dr Catherine and Penpraze, Ms Victoria and Spanos, Mr Dimitrios and Melville, Professor Craig
Authors: Spanos, D., Hankey, C., Boyle, S., Koshy, P., Macmillan, S., Matthews, L., Miller, S., Penpraze, V., Pert, C., Robinson, N., and Melville, C.A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing
ISSN:0964-2633
Published Online:28 February 2012

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
469991A pilot study of a weight loss intervention for adults with learning disabilities and obesityCraig MelvilleScottish Executive Health Department (SEHHD-CSO)CZG/2/362Mental Health and Wellbeing