ETA receptor blockade decreases vascular superoxide generation in DOCA-salt hypertension

Callera, G.E., Touyz, R.M. , Teixeira, S.A., Muscara, M.N., Carvalho, M.H., Fortes, Z.B., Nigro, D.N., Schiffrin, E.L. and Tostes, R.C. (2003) ETA receptor blockade decreases vascular superoxide generation in DOCA-salt hypertension. Hypertension, 42(4), pp. 811-817. (doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000088363.65943.6C)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000088363.65943.6C

Abstract

Development and progression of end-organ damage in hypertension have been associated with increased oxidative stress. Superoxide anion accumulation has been reported in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension, in which endothelin-1 plays an important role in cardiovascular damage. We hypothesized that blockade of ETA receptors in DOCA-salt rats would decrease oxidative stress. Both systolic blood pressure (SBP, 210±9 mm Hg; P<0.05) and vascular superoxide generation in vivo were increased in DOCA-salt (44.9±10.3% of ethidium bromide–positive nuclei; P<0.05) versus control uninephrectomized (UniNx) rats (118±3 mm Hg; 18.5±3%, respectively). In DOCA-salt rats, the ETA antagonist BMS 182874 (40 mg/kg per day PO) lowered SBP (170±4 versus UniNx, 120±3 mm Hg) and normalized superoxide production (21.7±6 versus UniNx, 11.9±7%). Vitamin E (200 mg/kg per day PO) decreased superoxide formation in DOCA-salt rats (18.8±7%) but did not alter SBP. Oxidative stress in nonstimulated circulating polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) or in PMNs treated with zymosan, an inducer of superoxide release, was similar in DOCA-salt and UniNx groups. Superoxide formation by PMNs was unaffected by treatment with BMS 182874. Western blot analysis showed increased nitrotyrosine-containing proteins in mesenteric vessels from DOCA-salt compared with UniNX. Treatment with either BMS 182874 or vitamin E abolished the differences in vascular nitrotyrosine-containing proteins between DOCA-salt and UniNX. Maximal relaxation to acetylcholine was decreased in DOCA-salt aortas (75.8±4.2% versus UniNx, 95.4±1.9%, P<0.05). BMS 182874 treatment increased acetylcholine-induced relaxation in DOCA-salt aortas to 93.5±4.5%. These in vivo findings indicate that increased vascular superoxide production is associated with activation of the endothelin system through ETA receptors in DOCA-salt hypertension, in apparently blood pressure–independent fashion.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Callera, G.E., Touyz, R.M., Teixeira, S.A., Muscara, M.N., Carvalho, M.H., Fortes, Z.B., Nigro, D.N., Schiffrin, E.L., and Tostes, R.C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0194-911X
ISSN (Online):1524-4563
Published Online:11 August 2003

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