The multiple roles of autophagy in cancer

Rosenfeldt, M.T. and Ryan, K.M. (2011) The multiple roles of autophagy in cancer. Carcinogenesis, 32(7), pp. 955-963. (doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgr031)

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Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved, catabolic process that involves the entrapment of cytoplasmic components within characteristic vesicles for their delivery to and degradation within lysosomes. Autophagy is regulated via a group of genes called AuTophaGy-related genes and is executed at basal levels in virtually all cells as a homeostatic mechanism for maintaining cellular integrity. The levels and cargos of autophagy can be modulated in response to a variety of intra-and extracellular cues to bring about specific and selective events. Autophagy is a multifaceted process and alterations in autophagic signalling pathways are frequently found in cancer and many other diseases. During tumour development and in cancer therapy, autophagy has paradoxically been reported to have roles in promoting both cell survival and cell death. In addition, autophagy has been reported to control other processes relevant to the aetiology of malignant disease, including oxidative stress, inflammation and both innate and acquired immunity. It is the aim of this review to describe the molecular basis and the signalling events that control autophagy in mammalian cells and to summarize the cellular functions that contribute to tumourigenesis when autophagy is perturbed

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ryan, Professor Kevin and Rosenfeldt, Dr Mathias
Authors: Rosenfeldt, M.T., and Ryan, K.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Carcinogenesis

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