Detection of radiation and cyclophosphamide-induced mutations in individual mouse sperm at a human expanded trinucleotide repeat locus transgene

Zhang, Y., Monckton, D.G. , Siciliano, M.J., Connor, T.H. and Meistrich, M.L. (2002) Detection of radiation and cyclophosphamide-induced mutations in individual mouse sperm at a human expanded trinucleotide repeat locus transgene. Mutation Research (Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis), 516(1-2), 121 -138. (doi: 10.1016/S1383-5718(02)00035-9)

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A method to measure the germline mutations induced by cancer treatment in humans is needed. To establish such a method we used a transgenic mouse model consisting of a human DNA repeat locus that has a high spontaneous mutation frequency as a biomarker. Alterations in repeat number were measured in individual sperm from mice hemizygous for an expanded (CTG)(162) human myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) microsatellite repeat using single genome-equivalent (g.e.) PCR and detection by a DNA fragment analyzer. Mutation frequencies were measured in DNA from sperm from controls and sperm derived from stem spermatogonia, differentiating spermatogonia, and spermatocytes exposed to radiation and from spermatocytes of mice treated with cyclophosphamide. There was no increase above control levels in mutations, scored as greater than 1 repeat changes, in any of the treated groups. However, moderately large deletion mutants (between 9 and 20 repeat changes) were observed at frequencies of 2.2% when spermatocytes were treated with cyclophosphamide and, 1.8 and 2.5% when spermatocytes and stem cells, respectively, were treated with radiation, which were significantly higher than the frequency of 0.3% in controls. Thus, radiation and cyclophosphamide induced deletions in the expanded DM1 trinucleotide repeat. PCR artifacts were characterized in sperm DNA from controls and from mice treated with radiation; all artifacts involved losses of more than 20 DM1 repeats, and surprisingly the artifact frequency was higher in treated sperm than in control sperm. The radiation-induced increase in the frequency of PCR artifacts might reflect alterations in sperm DNA that destabilize the genome not only during PCR amplification but also during early embryonic development.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Monckton, Professor Darren
Authors: Zhang, Y., Monckton, D.G., Siciliano, M.J., Connor, T.H., and Meistrich, M.L.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Molecular Biosciences
Journal Name:Mutation Research (Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis)

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