Akt/PKB suppresses DNA damage processing and checkpoint activation in late G2

Xu, N., Hegarat, N., Black, E. J., Scott, M. , Hochegger, H. and Gillespie, D.A. (2010) Akt/PKB suppresses DNA damage processing and checkpoint activation in late G2. Journal of Cell Biology, 190(3), pp. 297-305. (doi: 10.1083/jcb.201003004)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201003004


Using chemical genetics to reversibly inhibit Cdk1, we find that cells arrested in late G2 are unable to delay mitotic entry after irradiation. Late G2 cells detect DNA damage lesions and form γ-H2AX foci but fail to activate Chk1. This reflects a lack of DNA double-strand break processing because late G2 cells fail to recruit RPA (replication protein A), ATR (ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related), Rad51, or CtIP (C-terminal interacting protein) to sites of radiation-induced damage, events essential for both checkpoint activation and initiation of DNA repair by homologous recombination. Remarkably, inhibition of Akt/PKB (protein kinase B) restores DNA damage processing and Chk1 activation after irradiation in late G2. These data demonstrate a previously unrecognized role for Akt in cell cycle regulation of DNA repair and checkpoint activation. Because Akt/PKB is frequently activated in many tumor types, these findings have important implications for the evolution and therapy of such cancers.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Scott, Dr Mary and Gillespie, Professor David
Authors: Xu, N., Hegarat, N., Black, E. J., Scott, M., Hochegger, H., and Gillespie, D.A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Cell Biology
Journal Abbr.:J Cell Biol
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
ISSN (Online):1540-8140
Published Online:02 August 2010

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