CATCH: development of a home-based midwifery intervention to support young pregnant smokers to quit

Bryce, A., Butler, C., Gnich, W., Sheehy, C. and Tappin, D.M. (2009) CATCH: development of a home-based midwifery intervention to support young pregnant smokers to quit. Midwifery, 25(5), pp. 473-482. (doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2007.10.006)

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Objective to develop, implement and evaluate a supportive midwifery intervention, Community Action on Tobacco for Children's Health (CATCH), to help young pregnant smokers to quit. Design action research project funded from April 2002 to June 2005. Setting and participants CATCH was based in a single hospital maternity unit in the West of Scotland and targeted a deprived population of pregnant smokers aged 25 years and under. Outreach work was undertaken in the local community and cessation support was provided in women's own homes. Intervention CATCH aimed to meet the particular needs of young pregnant women through a tailored, non-judgmental approach. The service was distinctive as it employed a holistic approach to smoking cessation which focused not only on individual choices and motivations, but on the wider life circumstances that may preclude behaviour change. Measures internal and external teams collaborated to ensure a comprehensive evaluation, gathering of both process and outcome data. Outcomes (including self-reported and carbon monoxide validated quit status) were assessed by quantitative surveys undertaken at enrolment to the service and at 3- and 12-month follow-up. All those lost to follow-up were assumed to still be smoking. Participants’ views of the service were gathered independently by an external evaluation team, and a detailed qualitative case study, capturing ongoing learning, was undertaken. Data were collected from participants who joined the project over a 16-month period (November 2002–February 2004). Findings the study demonstrated a feasible approach to engaging young pregnant smokers to help them quit. Obstetricians and midwives were willing to refer to a service based in their maternity unit run by a specially trained midwife, and users reported a positive experience of the service. Of 152 eligible clients referred within the 16-month period, 79 (52%) joined CATCH. Of those who joined, 18 (22.8%) were self-reported non-smokers at 3 months, of whom 16 (20.3%) were validated as non-smokers using carbon monoxide monitoring. Thirteen (16.5%) clients reported being smoke free at 12 months, of whom 10 (12.7%) were validated as non-smokers at 12 months. Implications for practice CATCH suggests that close partnership with the multi-disciplinary maternity team and integration into the maternity system is invaluable for smoking cessation services targeting pregnant women. It points to the benefits of the service being delivered by a trained midwife in clients’ own homes. Flexibility and a non-judgmental approach are essential to engagement. Attention to the context and wider circumstances of clients’ lives and involving friends and family enables clients to focus on their own smoking.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tappin, Professor David and Gnich, Dr Wendy
Authors: Bryce, A., Butler, C., Gnich, W., Sheehy, C., and Tappin, D.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Midwifery

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