Responses of differentiated MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells to reactive oxygen species

Fatokun, A.A., Stone, T.W. and Smith, R.A. (2008) Responses of differentiated MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells to reactive oxygen species. European Journal of Pharmacology, 587(1-3), pp. 35-41. (doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.03.024)

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MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells represent a suitable model for studying osteogenic development in vitro. The current investigation extends our previous work on the response of these cells to hydrogen peroxide by considering the effects of reactive oxygen species from other sources, and by determining whether differentiation alters sensitivity to oxidative damage. Aspects of hydrogen peroxide-mediated apoptotic and necrotic death were also examined. Cell viability was determined using the Alamar Blue assay; and accompanying morphological changes monitored by phase-contrast microscopy. Sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide increased significantly in cultures which had been induced to differentiate. Hydrogen peroxide and copper (II) ions, when combined, produced greater damage than hydrogen peroxide alone, whilst the hydroxyl radical scavengers mannitol or dimethylsulphoxide had no effect. Cyclosporin A and nicotinamide afforded partial protection. The tryptophan metabolite, 3-hydroxykynurenine significantly reduced viability, although 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid did not. The xanthine/xanthine oxidase system also reduced cell viability, an effect prevented by catalase but potentiated by superoxide dismutase. S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine did not impair viability at the concentrations tested. Cultures were resistant to mitochondrial poisoning by potassium cyanide, but succumbed to 24-h exposures to 3-nitropropionic acid (1AmM). The results reveal a differential sensitivity of MC3T3-E1 cells to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress, an enhancement of sensitivity by cellular differentiation, and a potential preference for the glycolytic pathway by MC3T3-E1 cells. This study gives new insight into how bone cells may succumb to the toxic effects of oxidative stress generated by different stimuli and has relevance to conditions such as osteoporosis

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stone, Professor Trevor and Smith, Professor Robert
Authors: Fatokun, A.A., Stone, T.W., and Smith, R.A.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:European Journal of Pharmacology

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