Bioavailability of chlorogenic acids following acute ingestion of coffee by humans with an ileostomy

Stalmach, A. , Steiling, H., Williamson, G. and Crozier, A. (2010) Bioavailability of chlorogenic acids following acute ingestion of coffee by humans with an ileostomy. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 501(1), pp. 98-105. (doi: 10.1016/

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The intestinal absorption and metabolism of 385 mu mol chlorogenic acids following a single intake of 200 mL of instant coffee by human volunteers with an ileostomy was investigated. HPLC-MS3 analysis of 0-24 h post-ingestion ileal effluent revealed the presence of 274 +/- 28 mu mol of chlorogenic acids and their metabolites accounting for 71 +/- 7% of intake. Of the compounds recovered, 78% comprised parent compounds initially present in the coffee, and 22% were metabolites including free and sulfated caffeic and ferulic acids. Over a 24 h period after ingestion of the coffee, excretion of chlorogenic acid metabolites in urine accounted for 8 +/- 1% of intake, the main compounds being ferulic acid-4-O-sulfate, caffeic acid-3-O-sulfate, isoferulic acid-3-O-glucuronide and dihydrocaffeic acid-3-O-sulfate. In contrast, after drinking a similar coffee, urinary excretion by humans with an intact colon corresponded to 29 +/- 4% of chlorogenic acid intake [23]. This difference was due to the excretion of higher levels of dihydroferulic acid and feruloylglycine together with sulfate and glucuronide conjugates of dihydrocaffeic and dihydroferulic acids. This highlights the importance of colonic metabolism. Comparison of the data obtained in the current study with that of Stalmach et al. [23] facilitated elucidation of the pathways involved in post-ingestion metabolism of chlorogenic acids and also helped distinguish between compounds absorbed in the small and the large intestine.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stalmach, Dr Angelique and Crozier, Professor Alan
Authors: Stalmach, A., Steiling, H., Williamson, G., and Crozier, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
ISSN (Online):1096-0384

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