BSA immobilization on amine-functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

Mikhaylova, M., Kim, D.K., Berry, C.C. , Zagorodni, A., Toprak, M., Curtis, A.S.G. and Muhammed, M. (2004) BSA immobilization on amine-functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. Chemistry of Materials, 16(12), pp. 2344-2354. (doi: 10.1021/cm0348904)

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Immobilization of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on surface-modified superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) has been performed by two different double-step immobilization approaches. The first approach consists of preparation of SPION by controlled chemical coprecipitation in the presence of BSA solution, whereas the second approach includes preliminary surface modification of SPION with an amine group using a coupling agent of 3-aminepropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS). Both procedures are followed by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminepropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) activation with sequential immobilization of the layer of BSA. Additionally, an attempt to modify the surface of SPION with amine and carboxylic groups is undertaken by using L-aspartic acid (LAA). TEM shows that the particle size varies in the range 10-15 nm and does not change significantly after the coating process. The presence of BSA and amine groups on the surface of SPION is confirmed by FT-IR. Magnetic properties are investigated by VSM and results indicate that the superparamagnetic properties are retained for BSA-coated SPION while reducing the value of saturation magnetization (M<sub>s</sub>). The binding capacity is estimated from thermogravimetric and chemical analyses. APTMS-coated SPION show higher BSA binding capacity compared to that of coprecipitated SPION in the presence of BSA. In vitro tests have been performed after the functionalization of SPION with LAA and BSA. Human dermal fibroblasts are incubated with the surface-modified SPION for 6 and 24 h to observe cell behavior, morphology, cytoskeletal organization, and interactions between cell and SPION. BSA-coated SPION incubated with cells demonstrated a cell response similar to that of control cells, with no adverse cell damage and no endocytosis, whereas LAA-coated SPION show partial endocytosis without cytoskeletal disorganization.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Curtis, Professor Adam and Berry, Dr Catherine
Authors: Mikhaylova, M., Kim, D.K., Berry, C.C., Zagorodni, A., Toprak, M., Curtis, A.S.G., and Muhammed, M.
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QD Chemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Molecular Biosciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Chemistry of Materials
Published Online:18 May 2004

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