Flavonoid and hydroxycinnamate profiles of English apple ciders

Marks, S.C., Mullen, W. and Crozier, A. (2007) Flavonoid and hydroxycinnamate profiles of English apple ciders. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, pp. 8723-8730. (doi: 10.1021/jf071155u)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf071155u


Seventeen phenolic compounds in 23 English apple ciders were identified and quantified by HPLC-PDA-MS2. The total phenolic content of the ciders varied greatly ranging from 44 to 1559 mg/L. Four groups of compounds were identified, flavan-3-ols, hydroxycinnamates, flavonols, and dihydrochalcones. Hydroxycinnamates were the predominant group of phenolics in the majority of the ciders. Procyanidins were analyzed by HPLC after thiolysis, and total procyanidin content ranged from 8 to 722 mg/L and an average degree of polymerization of 2.5–3.5. This investigation of a wide range of ciders has shown a substantial variation in the profile and quantity of the phenolics. The analysis of single variety ciders highlighted the importance of using an apple cultivar with a high phenolic content to produce a phenolic-rich cider. Adaptations to the cider-making process could be used to increase the phenolic content with potential health benefits.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Cider; procyanidins; flavonoids; hydroxycinnamates; HPLC-PDA-MS2
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mullen, Dr Bill and Crozier, Professor Alan
Authors: Marks, S.C., Mullen, W., and Crozier, A.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QD Chemistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Research Group:Plant Products and Human Nutrition
Journal Name:Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publisher:ACS Publications

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