Microfluidic single-cell array cytometry for the analysis of tumor apoptosis

Wlodkowic, D., Faley, S., Zagnoni, M., Wikswo, J.P. and Cooper, J.M. (2009) Microfluidic single-cell array cytometry for the analysis of tumor apoptosis. Analytical Chemistry, 81(13), pp. 5517-5523. (doi: 10.1021/ac9008463)

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Limitations imposed by conventional analytical technologies for cell biology, such as flow cytometry or microplate imaging, are often prohibitive for the kinetic analysis of single-cell responses to therapeutic compounds. In this paper, we describe the application of a microfluidic array to the real-time screening of anticancer drugs against arrays of single cells. The microfluidic platform comprises an array of micromechanical traps, designed to passively corral individual nonadherent cells. This platform, fabricated in the biologically compatible elastomer poly(dimethylsiloxane), PDMS, enables hydrodynamic trapping of cells in low shear stress zones, enabling time-lapse studies of nonadherent hematopoietic cells. Results indicate that these live-cell, microfluidic microarrays can be readily applied to kinetic analysis of investigational anticancer agents in hematopoietic cancer cells, providing new opportunities for automated microarray cytometry and higher-throughput screening. We also demonstrate the ability to quantify on-chip the anticancer drug induced apoptosis. Specifically, we show that with small numbers of trapped cells (similar to 300) under careful serial observation we can achieve results with only slightly greater statistical spread than can be obtained with single-pass flow cytometer measurements of 15 000-30 000 cells

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Apoptosis, arrays, cancer, cell, cells, culture, cytometry, devices, flow-cytometry, on-chip, poly(dimethylsiloxane), single cells, single-cells, syto probes, technologies, technology
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Faley, Dr Shannon and Wlodkowic, Dr Donald and Cooper, Professor Jonathan and Zagnoni, Dr Michele
Authors: Wlodkowic, D., Faley, S., Zagnoni, M., Wikswo, J.P., and Cooper, J.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Analytical Chemistry
Journal Abbr.:Anal. chem.
ISSN (Online):1520-6882
Published Online:10 June 2009

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