The location of centroids in photon and electron maps of solar flares

Prato, M., Emslie, A.G., Kontar, E.P. , Massone, A.M. and Piana, M. (2009) The location of centroids in photon and electron maps of solar flares. Astrophysical Journal, 706(1), pp. 917-922. (doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/706/1/917)

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We explore the use of centroid coordinates as a means to identify the "locations" of electron-proton bremsstrahlung hard X-ray sources in solar flares. Differences between the coordinates of the electron and photon centroids are derived and explained. For electron propagation in a collision-dominated target, with either a uniform or an exponential density profile, the position of the electron centroid can be calculated analytically. We compare these analytic forms to data from a flare event on 2002 February 20. We first spectrally invert the native photon visibility data to obtain "electron visibilities," which are in turn used to construct electron flux images at various electron energies E. Centroids of these maps are then obtained by straightforward numerical integration over the electron maps. This comparison allows us to infer the density structure in the two compact sources visible, and we discuss the (somewhat unexpected) results thus obtained.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Piana, Professor Michele and Massone, Dr Anna and Kontar, Professor Eduard
Authors: Prato, M., Emslie, A.G., Kontar, E.P., Massone, A.M., and Piana, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
Published Online:06 November 2009

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
398461Acceleration, propagation and emission of energetic particles from the sun to the earthEduard KontarParticle Physics & Astronomy Research Council (PPARC)PP/C001656/1Physics and Astronomy
465931Solar, stellar and cosmological plasmas: a synthesis of data, modelling and theory.Declan DiverScience & Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)ST/F002149/1Physics and Astronomy