Codes of Cultural Belonging: Racialised National Identities in a Multi-Ethnic Scotis Neighbourhood

Virdee, S., Kyriakides, C. and Modood, T. (2006) Codes of Cultural Belonging: Racialised National Identities in a Multi-Ethnic Scotis Neighbourhood. Sociological Research Online, 11(4),

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.


This qualitative study investigates the relationship between race and nation in an ethnically mixed neighbourhood in Glasgow, Scotland. It finds that Scottishness has a historically founded racialised referent at the level of the neighbourhood but that this referent is undermined in everyday life by syncretic codes of cultural belonging represented by signifiers such as accent, dress and mannerisms. However, these cultural signifiers that contest the racialised referent are, on occasions, themselves challenged by negative ascriptions such as terrorist and extremist which reinforce, though never completely, the original racialised referent of Scottishness as whiteness. We conclude that whiteness is an unstable identifier of Scottishness, and Scottishness is an unstable identifier of whiteness, such that a negative view of Islam as antithetical to imagined conceptions of Scottishness, cannot easily be sustained in areas of relatively high racialised minority settlement.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Neighborhoods, Racism, Scotland, Identity, Scotland
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Virdee, Professor Satnam
Authors: Virdee, S., Kyriakides, C., and Modood, T.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Sociological Research Online

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
360301Racism, ethnicity and nationalism in Scotland and EnglandSatnam VirdeeEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)RES-000-23-0556Sociology