You are what you dream: the dark tetrad and dream content

Jenkins, T. A. and Martin, M. (2023) You are what you dream: the dark tetrad and dream content. Dreaming, 33(4), pp. 434-445. (doi: 10.1037/drm0000252)

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Previous research has found behaviors associated with personality traits can be found in the dreams of those who possess them, suggesting a continuum between dreaming and waking life. The present study sought to investigate the association between dark tetrad traits (psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and sadism) and dream content. One hundred thirty-seven participants completed questionnaires measuring dark tetrad traits and fighting, sexual, and grandiosity themes of dream content. Correlation analyses revealed significant positive relationships between all dark tetrad traits and fighting, sexual and grandiosity dreams. Regression analyses revealed that psychopathy and gender predicted fighting dreams, and sadism uniquely predicted sexual and grandiosity dreams. The results suggest that waking life dark tetrad personality traits are reflected in dream content. The continuity hypothesis, which posits a continuity between waking life and dreaming, may in part explain the results.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Open Access funding provided by University of Bath.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Martin, Dr Margaret and Jenkins, Mr Tom
Authors: Jenkins, T. A., and Martin, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Dreaming
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN (Online):1573-3351
Published Online:03 August 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Author(s)
First Published:First published in Dreaming 33:434–445
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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