Arabi-Malayalam disaster ballads: performative poetry and community resilience

Gamliel, O. and Kalluvalappil, S. A. (2024) Arabi-Malayalam disaster ballads: performative poetry and community resilience. Nidān, 8(2), pp. 93-110. (doi: 10.58125/nidan.2023.2.24337)

[img] Text
309130.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.



This paper presents three disaster narratives in Arabi-Malayalam Typhoon Ballad (toofaan maala) by Kattilveettil Ahmed Koya (1909), Flood (vellappokkam) by Mundambara Unnimammad (1924), and Flood Ballad (vellappokka maala) by Pulikkottil Haidar (1961). We explore the aestheticized expressions of flood disasters, their impact on landscape and people, and the role of cultural and artistic productions in enhancing community resilience and risk perception. We approach these Arabi-Malayalam disaster ballads as deliberate engagement with the mechanisms of the disaster cycle of preparedness, response, and recovery. Arguing that these compositions constitute vital strategies in cultivating effective response to disasters, we relate them to official and historical records as well as an ethnographic account following the 2018 Kerala floods. We conclude that the tradition of Arabi-Malayalam disaster ballads constitutes an attempt to standardise and aestheticize spontaneous post-disaster narratives that survivors and rescuers tell and retell for sharing their experiences. Our analysis builds on the concept of local and indigenous knowledge systems (LINKS) to argue that such compositions are crucial for producing knowledge on participatory and organised decision-making processes, desirable leadership skills, and collaborative action aimed at survival, relief, and rescue.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:disasters, resilience, Arabi-Malayalam, LINKS, environment.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gamliel, Dr Ophira
Authors: Gamliel, O., and Kalluvalappil, S. A.
College/School:College of Arts & Humanities > School of Critical Studies > Theology and Religious Studies
Journal Name:Nidān
Publisher:Heidelberg Asian Studies Publishing
ISSN (Online):2414-8636
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2024 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nidān 8(2):93-110
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record