Does earmarked funding affect the performance of international organizations

Reinsberg, B. and Siauwijaya, C. (2023) Does earmarked funding affect the performance of international organizations. Global Policy, (doi: 10.1111/1758-5899.13270) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

What determines the performance of international organisations (IOs)? We argue that funding structures remain an overlooked driver of IO performance. Over the past decades, donor governments have provided an increasing share of their contributions to IOs in the form of earmarked resources, which provide them with the opportunity to restrict the use of funding to specific themes, sectors, regions, countries or projects. This development has raised concerns about the ability of IOs to perform their duties, given that earmarked funds distort programme priorities away from recipient need and increase transaction costs for IO staff. Beyond qualitative evidence from case studies, concerns about the performance-related effects of earmarking remain untested in large-N analysis. Drawing on 64 performance assessments of 32 IOs from 2009 to 2021, undertaken by the Multilateral Organisation Performance Assessment Network, we employ latent factor analysis to extract measures of process performance—the extent to which IOs have rules, procedures and routines in place to plan strategically, manage operations efficiently, liaise with partners effectively, monitor results and promote institutional learning—and outcome performance—the extent to which IOs achieve results that are relevant, efficient and sustainable. Using multivariate regressions, we find that earmarked funding is negatively related to process performance. Our result is robust to alternative model specifications and an instrumental variable design that helps mitigate concerns about endogeneity. These results have important implications for our understanding of IO performance and policy implications for donors of IOs.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Earmarked funding, multi-bi aid, international organizations, development cooperation, organizational performance, Multilateral Organization Performance Assessment Network.
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Siauwijaya, Mr Christian and Reinsberg, Dr Bernhard
Authors: Reinsberg, B., and Siauwijaya, C.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Journal Name:Global Policy
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1758-5880
ISSN (Online):1758-5899
Published Online:27 September 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Global Policy 2023
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
311169Earmarked funding and the effectiveness of international development organizations (EF-IO)Bernhard ReinsbergMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/V022148/1S&PS - Politics