Inequalities in neighbourhood features within children’s 20-minute neighbourhoods and variation in time spent locally, measured using GPS

Olsen, J. R. , Caryl, F. , Nicholls, N. , Smith, M., McCrorie, P. and Mitchell, R. (2023) Inequalities in neighbourhood features within children’s 20-minute neighbourhoods and variation in time spent locally, measured using GPS. Wellbeing, Space and Society, 5, 100174. (doi: 10.1016/j.wss.2023.100174)

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There has been a growing interest in policies that encourage local living by promoting accessible and walkable communities, such as the 20-minute neighbourhood concept. Despite the widespread adoption of this policy in cities worldwide, little research has been conducted on the characteristics of children's 20-minute neighbourhoods and their association with time spent locally. This study aimed to explore the features of Scottish children's 20-minute neighbourhoods by analysing an 800-meter road and path network buffer surrounding 687 children's homes. Based on existing literature, the study identified key features associated with children's time spent locally and the 20-minute neighbourhood policy. The study then examined variations in these features by socioeconomic status, urbanicity, and gender. The findings revealed significant inequalities in the presence of health-benefiting (e.g., green spaces, recreational facilities, healthy food outlets) and health-harming (e.g., major roads, unhealthy commodity retailers) environments within children's 20-minute neighbourhoods. Children from more deprived areas had access to more of both types of environments. The study also found that having a school within a 20-minute neighbourhood was associated with an increased amount of time spent locally (IRR 1.62, 95% CI 1.5 to 1.8, p<0.001). The study suggests that the 20-minute neighbourhood policy should extend beyond mere access to local amenities and prioritise creating healthy 20-minute neighbourhoods, particularly in socioeconomically deprived areas. The research highlights the importance of promoting equal access to quality local environments, which can contribute to improved health and well-being outcomes for children.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Olsen, Dr Jonathan and Mccrorie, Dr Paul and Mitchell, Professor Rich and Nicholls, Dr Natalie and Caryl, Dr Fiona
Creator Roles:
Olsen, J. R.Conceptualization, Methodology, Formal analysis, Writing – original draft, Funding acquisition
Caryl, F.Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Nicholls, N.Writing – review and editing
McCrorie, P.Data curation, Funding acquisition, Writing – review and editing
Mitchell, R.Funding acquisition, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Olsen, J. R., Caryl, F., Nicholls, N., Smith, M., McCrorie, P., and Mitchell, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Wellbeing, Space and Society
ISSN (Online):2666-5581
Published Online:10 September 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Wellbeing, Space and Society 5:100174
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
3048231Places and healthRich MitchellMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_00022/4HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Places and healthRich MitchellOffice of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSO)SPHSU19HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
308037Do gender-differences in access to urban landscapes lead to gender-inequalities in mental and physical health?Fiona CarylMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/T027789/1SHW - MRC/CSO Social & Public Health Sciences Unit