Visual Modality of Engagement (VME): conceptualization, typology of forms, and outcomes

Azer, J. , Blasco-Arcas, L. and Alexander, M. (2023) Visual Modality of Engagement (VME): conceptualization, typology of forms, and outcomes. Journal of Service Research, (doi: 10.1177/10946705231190867) (Early Online Publication)

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Customers proactively engage with firms’ offerings through behavioral manifestations such as brand-related social media posts, influencing other customers in online networks and, consequently, affecting brand value. With the growth of visually oriented social media platforms, interest has increased in understanding customer engagement behavior (CEB) using visual content. In this paper, we build on CEB, image acts, visual content, and communication theories to conceptualize the Visual Modality of Engagement (VME). Using both field and lab studies, we develop a typology of four distinct positive (experiential, evidential) and negative (mocking, dissuasive) forms of VME and offer empirical evidence revealing they induce different brand-related (purchase intentions, brand evaluation) and other customer-related (willingness to imitate, resharing intentions) outcomes. Additional results also reveal outcomes vary by the interplay of social and brand interactions with the various VME forms. The findings of this research offer guidance to content managers for the development of more effective engagement strategies in social media marketing.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research received funding from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Recipient: Dr Jaylan Azer, Award number: 314135.
Status:Early Online Publication
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Azer, Dr Jaylan
Authors: Azer, J., Blasco-Arcas, L., and Alexander, M.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
Research Group:Marketing
Journal Name:Journal of Service Research
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN (Online):1552-7379
Published Online:25 July 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Service Research 2023
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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