HEalth And Dementia outcomes following Traumatic Brain Injury (HEAD-TBI): protocol for a retrospective cohort study

Russell, E. R., Lyall, D. M. and Stewart, W. (2023) HEalth And Dementia outcomes following Traumatic Brain Injury (HEAD-TBI): protocol for a retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 13(7), e073726. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-073726) (PMID:37491097) (PMCID:PMC10373748)

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Abstract

Background It is estimated that by 2050 the global incidence of dementia will have exceeded 152 million. At present, there are no effective therapies for dementia, with a focus in research now turning to strategies for disease prevention. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is recognised as a major risk factor for dementia; estimated to be responsible for at least 3% of cases in the community. However, adverse health outcomes after TBI are not restricted to dementia. A wide range of conditions are documented among TBI survivors, many of which also increase dementia risk. ‘HEalth And Dementia outcomes following Traumatic Brain Injury’ is a study aiming to explore the hypothesis that increased dementia risk following TBI reflects both the direct effect of the injury on the brain and the indirect effects of wider, adverse health outcomes associated with TBI which, in turn, increase dementia risk. Methods and analysis Comprehensive electronic medical and death certification records will be analysed for individuals with a documented history of TBI, compared with those of a matched general population control cohort with no documented TBI exposure. Cox proportional hazard regression models will be run to compare outcomes. Furthermore, existing diagnostic imaging and radiological reports for the cohort will be analysed to identify evidence of specific white matter abnormalities in TBI exposed individuals and their controls, and establish their potential diagnostic utility.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Russell, Dr Emma and Stewart, Dr William and Lyall, Dr Donald
Authors: Russell, E. R., Lyall, D. M., and Stewart, W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:BMJ Open
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:2044-6055
ISSN (Online):2044-6055
Copyright Holders:Copyright © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2023
First Published:First published in BMJ Open 13(7): e073726
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
317668Health and dementia outcomes following traumatic brain injuryEmma RussellOffice of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSO)EPD/22/07SPN - Centre for Stroke & Brain Imaging