What becomes a refugee camp? Making camps for European refugees in North Africa and the Middle East, 1943–1946

Mackinnon, K. and White, B. T. (2023) What becomes a refugee camp? Making camps for European refugees in North Africa and the Middle East, 1943–1946. Journal of Refugee Studies, (doi: 10.1093/jrs/fead042) (Early Online Publication)

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Refugees have often been housed in camps made by ‘adaptive reuse’ of a wide range of existing sites. We argue that any given refugee camp’s previous uses shape the experiences of its residents and may indicate how that displaced population is viewed by the responsible authorities. We test this argument on three historical case studies drawn from an important but under-researched episode in the history of the refugee camp: the far-flung network of camps established by the Allies in North Africa and the Middle East in the 1940s for European refugees from Fascism. They range from a former hotel housing under 50 people to a vast tented encampment housing over 20,000, adapted from an army ‘rear camp’. We argue that research on any given camp should include analysis of the site’s architectural origins. This is a step towards a more fully articulated methodological approach to researching refugee camps, the ‘site biography’.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This article was supported by a project grant from the Research Council of Norway (FRIHUMSAM 288398, PI Are Knudsen).
Status:Early Online Publication
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:White, Dr Benjamin Thomas and Mackinnon, Katherine
Creator Roles:
Mackinnon, K.Investigation, Writing – review and editing
White, B. T.Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Mackinnon, K., and White, B. T.
College/School:College of Arts & Humanities
College of Arts & Humanities > School of Humanities > History
Journal Name:Journal of Refugee Studies
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1471-6925
Published Online:13 July 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Author(s)
First Published:First published in Journal of Refugee Studies 2023
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
304018SuperCamp: Genealogies of Humanitarian Containment in the Middle EastBenjamin Thomas WhiteThe Research Council of Norway (RESCOUNO)288398Arts - History