BSM reach of four-top production at the LHC

Anisha, , Atkinson, O., Bhardwaj, A., Englert, C. , Naskar, W. and Stylianou, P. (2023) BSM reach of four-top production at the LHC. Physical Review D, 108(3), 035001. (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.108.035001)

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Many scenarios of beyond the Standard Model (BSM) physics give rise to new top-philic interactions that can be probed at proton machines such as the Large Hadron Collider through a variety of production and decay modes. On the one hand, this will enable a detailed determination of the BSM model’s parameters when a discovery is made and additional sensitivity in non-dominant production modes can be achieved. On the other hand, the naive narrow width approximation in dominant production modes such as gluon fusion might be inadequate for some BSM parameter regions due to interference effects, effectively making less dominant production modes more relevant in such instances. In this work, we consider both these questions in the context of four top quark final states at the LHC. Firstly, we show that the SM potential can be enhanced through the application of targeted Graph Neural Network techniques that exploit data correlations beyond cut-and-count approaches. Secondly, we show that destructive interference effects that can degrade BSM sensitivity of top-philic states from gluon fusion are largely avoided by turning to four top final states. This achieves considerable exclusion potential for, e.g., the two Higgs doublet model. This further motivates four top final states as sensitive tools for BSM discovery in the near future of the LHC.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Naskar, Wrishik and Atkinson, Mr Oliver and Anisha, Dr Anisha and Stylianou, Mr Panagiotis and Bhardwaj, Dr Akanksha and Englert, Professor Christoph
Authors: Anisha, , Atkinson, O., Bhardwaj, A., Englert, C., Naskar, W., and Stylianou, P.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):2470-0029
Published Online:01 August 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 American Physical Society
First Published:First published in Physical Review D 108(3):035001
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
311961BSM interference effects in Higgs and Top-associated final states.Christoph EnglertLeverhulme Trust (LEVERHUL)RPG-2021-031P&S - Physics & Astronomy
313214STFC Glasgow Physics 2020 DTPDavid IrelandScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/V506692/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy
306883Research in Particle Physics Theory - Phenomenology from lattice QCD and collider physicsChristine DaviesScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/T000945/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy