Deregulated expression of IL-37 in patients with bladder urothelial cancer: the diagnostic potential of the IL-37e isoform

Papasavva, M. et al. (2023) Deregulated expression of IL-37 in patients with bladder urothelial cancer: the diagnostic potential of the IL-37e isoform. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 24(11), 9258. (doi: 10.3390/ijms24119258) (PMID:37298214) (PMCID:PMC10253379)

[img] Text
298561.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Cellular and molecular immune components play a crucial role in the development and perpetuation of human malignancies, shaping anti-tumor responses. A novel immune regulator is interleukin-37 (IL-37), already shown to be involved in the inflammation associated with the pathophysiology of many human disorders, including cancer. The interplay between tumor and immune cells is of great importance, especially for highly immunogenic tumors such as bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA). This study aimed to investigate the potential of IL-37 and its receptor SIGIRR (single immunoglobulin IL-1-related receptor) to serve as prognostic and/or diagnostic markers in patients with BLCA. To this end, a series of bioinformatics tools processing -omics datasets and specifically designed qPCR assays on human BLCA tumors and cancer cell lines were utilized. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that IL-37 levels correlate with BLCA tumor development and are higher in patients with longer overall survival. Furthermore, mutations on SIGIRR are associated with enhanced infiltration of the tumor by regulatory T cells and dendritic cells. Based on the qPCR validation experiments, BLCA epithelial cells express the IL-37c and IL-37e isoforms, while the latter is the predominant variant detected in tumor biopsies, also associated with higher grade and the non-muscle-invasive type. This is the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that IL-37 and SIGIRR levels have been assessed in BLCA tumor lesions, and associations with pathological and survival parameters are described, while a transcript variant-specific signature is indicated to have a diagnostic potential. These data strongly indicate the need for further investigation of the involvement of this cytokine and interconnected molecules in the pathophysiology of the disease and its prospective as a therapeutic target and biomarker for BLCA.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Christodoulou, Dr Maria-Ioanna and Xu, Dr Damo and Ji, Mr Yuan
Authors: Papasavva, M., Amvrosiou, S., Pilala, K.-M., Soureas, K., Christodoulou, P., Ji, Y., Stravodimos, K., Xu, D., Scorilas, A., Avgeris, M., and Christodoulou, M.-I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Infection & Immunity
Journal Name:International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN (Online):1422-0067
Published Online:25 May 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24(11): 9258
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record